The meeting of the HIGH-LEVEL POLITICAL FORUM on sustainable development in 2018 convened under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council will be held from Monday, 9 July, to Wednesday, 18 July 2018 in New York, United States of America.
The theme will be “Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies”. The set of goals to be reviewed in depth will be the following, including Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, that will be considered each year:
• Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
• Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
• Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
• Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
• Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainable management of forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
The above listed goals which are going to be reviewed at the meeting are briefly explained below:
Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; Safe, secure and clean water and sanitation infrastructure and services are particularly important for poverty eradication, the reduction of inequalities and building sustainable and resilient societies in urban and rural communities. Such infrastructure is integral to making progress in the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 on ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all and requires the implementation of target 6 and also supporting and strengthening the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.
Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all; Access to sustainable energy is a prerequisite for poverty eradication and building the sustainability and resilience of communities, as outlined in Sustainable Development Goal 7 on ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. Access to clean and affordable energy is a key enabler of sustainable development in terms of nutrition, transport, education and economic opportunity. Increasing access to energy and promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency in a manner that is responsive to the needs of different sectors of the population are priorities. Transitioning to clean and affordable energy will also help countries to reduce the impacts of indoor and outdoor air pollution. It could help to establish access to energy in places that are difficult to reach and strengthen low carbon development.
Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable; Cities face new and evolving challenges because of rapid urbanization, a changing climate and social instability. From earthquakes to flooding, rapid population changes to social exclusion, cities face a range of shocks and stresses, both natural and human-made. Unplanned cities are, however, more vulnerable to shocks, sometimes literally in the case of cities built on fault lines susceptible to earthquakes.
A resilient city assesses, plans and acts to prepare for and respond to foreseeable hazards — both sudden and slow-onset. By doing so, resilient cities are better able to protect and enhance people’s lives, secure development gains, foster an environment conducive to investment, and drive positive change. Planning for the delivery of services to urban and rural dwellers should include the consideration of different scenarios for the future growth of urban centers and surrounding rural settlements, taking into account patterns of internal migration and mobility and the spatial distribution of the population. For example, regional and municipal governments should consider how urban infrastructure links to surrounding territories, ensuring that urban areas work in harmony with the rural areas on which they rely for food and natural resources.
Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns; Achieving economic growth and sustainable development requires that we urgently reduce our ecological footprint by changing the way we produce and consume goods and resources. Agriculture is the biggest user of water worldwide, and irrigation now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater appropriated for human use. The efficient management of our shared natural resources, and the way we dispose of toxic waste and pollutants, are important targets to achieve this goal. Encouraging industries, businesses and consumers to recycle and reduce waste is equally important, as is supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption by 2030.
Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss; Human life depends on the earth as much as the ocean for our sustenance and livelihood. Plant life provides 80 percent of our human diet, and we rely on agriculture as an important economic resource and means of development. Forests account for 30 percent of the Earth’s surface, providing vital habitats for millions of species and important sources for clean air and water; as well as being crucial for combating climate change.
Today we are seeing unprecedented land degradation, and the loss of arable land at 30 to 35 times the historical rate. Drought and desertification is also on the rise each year, amounting to the loss of 12 million hectares and affects poor communities globally. Of the 8,300 animal breeds known, 8 percent are extinct and 22 percent are at risk of extinction
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to conserve and restore the use of terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, dry lands and mountains by 2020. Promoting the sustainable management of forests and halting deforestations is also vital to mitigating the impact of climate change. Urgent action must be taken to reduce the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity which are part of our common heritage.
Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development; The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can only be realized with a strong commitment to global partnership and cooperation. While official development assistance from developed countries increased by 66 percent between 2000 and 2014, humanitarian crises brought on by conflict or natural disasters continue to demand financial resources and aid. Many countries also require Official Development Assistance to encourage growth and trade.
The world today is more interconnected than ever before. Improving access to technology and knowledge is an important way to share ideas and foster innovation. Coordinating policies to help developing countries manage their debt, as well as promoting investment for the least developed, is vital to achieve sustainable growth and development.
The goals aim to enhance North-South and South-South cooperation by supporting national plans to achieve all the targets. Promoting international trade, and helping developing countries increase their exports, is all part of achieving a universal rules-based and equitable trading system that is fair and open, and benefits all.
The High-Level Political Forum Meeting will be of benefit to the Association of Community Social Volunteers International (ACSVI) AND THE GLOBAL RACE AGAINST POVERTY AND HIV/AIDS IN NIGERIA and the country Nigeria through the following:
• Generation of ideas and partnerships for provision of essential human needs
The explosion of population means people will have to scramble for the limited life essentials like food, shelter, and water. Adequate provision of these basic needs almost entirely hinges on infrastructure capable of sustaining them for a long time. If governments insist on utilizing fossil fuel based sources of energy instead of renewable and sustainable options, the cost and environmental effects of supplying these basic needs would become a tall order. Therefore, the Association of Community Social Volunteers International and Global Race against Poverty and Hiv/Aids in Nigeria as Non-Governmental Organizations will see to means necessary to provide sustenance to the country Nigeria and its ever growing population.
• Agricultural requirement and Implementation
Growing population of the nation Nigeria means agriculture must catch up. Finding ways to feed more than 170 million people can be staggering. If same unsustainable cultivation, planting, irrigation, spraying, and harvesting techniques are utilized in the future, they might prove to be financially burdening considering fossil fuel resources are projected to run out. Sustainable development focuses on sustainable agricultural methods such as effective seeding techniques and crop rotation to promote high yields while maintaining the integrity of the soil, which produces food for a large population. In that case, the Association of Community Social Volunteers International and Global Race against Poverty and Hiv/Aids in Nigeria will also create partnerships and acquire ideas in order to see rapid development in the agricultural sector of the nation Nigeria.
• Management of climate change
Climate change can be mitigated by sustainable development practices. Sustainable development practices seek to reduce the use of fossil-based sources of fuel like oil, natural gas, and coal. Fossil fuel sources of energy are unsustainable since they will deplete in the future and are responsible for the emission of greenhouse gasses. The Association of Community Social Volunteers International and Global Race against Poverty and Hiv/Aids in Nigeria will in the light of this carry the task of creating awareness in communities on the ways of managing climate change and its importance to the nation Nigeria.
• Communications & Collaborations
The SDGs define a common framework of action and language that will help companies communicate more consistently and effectively with stakeholders about their impact and performance. The Goals also help organizations bring together collaborative partners to address the world’s most urgent challenges that they might have little or no chance of addressing on their own. At such, the Association of Community Social Volunteers International and Global Race against Poverty and Hiv/Aids in Nigeria will try to create a collaborative and communication network to ensure sustainable development.
• Financial stability for nation building
Sustainable development practices have the ability to create more financially sustainable economies across the globe. Developing countries that can’t access fossil fuels can leverage renewable forms of energy to power their economies. From the development of renewable energy technologies, these countries can create sustainable jobs as opposed to finite jobs based on fossil fuel technologies, also a drive in other sustaining aspects of the economy such as infrastructural development and youth empowerment, thereby providing “money in the pockets for all”.